Jammu and Kashmir is a state in India, located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, and a part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which seeks to dissolve the state and reorganise it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The act will come into effect from 31 October 2019. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population. Muslims constitute 68.31% of the state's population, Hindus 28.43%, Sikhs 1.87% and Buddhists 0.89%.
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